Experimental and theoretical research on second harmonic optical vortex generated by laser inscribed 3D holograms
Received:April 11, 2020  Revised:January 14, 2021  download
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Author NameAffiliationE-mail
CHEN Xin School of physics and optoelectronic Engineering Xidian University Xi’an 710071 China xin.chen@xidian.edu.cn 
YIN Heng School of physics and optoelectronic Engineering Xidian University Xi’an 710071 China  
LIU Shan School of physics and optoelectronic Engineering Xidian University Xi’an 710071 China  
ZHAO Bi-Jun School of physics and optoelectronic Engineering Xidian University Xi’an 710071 China  
WANG Jun-Li School of physics and optoelectronic Engineering Xidian University Xi’an 710071 China wangjunli@mail.xidian.edu.cn 
SHENG Yan School of physics and optoelectronic Engineering Xidian University Xi’an 710071 China yan.sheng@anu.edu.au 
WEI Zhi-Yi School of physics and optoelectronic Engineering Xidian University Xi’an 710071 China  
KROLIKOWSKI Wieslaw School of physics and optoelectronic Engineering Xidian University Xi’an 710071 China  
Abstract:Optical vortex is normally generated via a beam shaping process by irradiating a Gaussian beam through an external optical element or structure. Laser induced photorefractive structures can direct endow beam shaping functions inside materials, which can be stable and easy for the integration of devices. However, this is a method based on linear diffraction and normally cannot obtain efficient second harmonic optical vortex. To solve this problem, firstly, the effects of laser writing parameters on the resolution and maximal depth of photorefractive structures were experimentally investigated in lithium niobite. As a proof of concept, cross-shaped second harmonic vortex beams were obtained by illuminating a fundamental Gaussian beam through a 3D fork hologram. Then it was theoretically demonstrated that phase-matched second harmonic vortex beams can be generated by utilizing the Bragg diffraction of fundamental beam in the wavelength range between 1.074~3.716 μm.
keywords:volume phase hologram  femtosecond laser direct writing  beam shaping  frequency conversion
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Copyright:《Journal of Infrared And Millimeter Waves》