STI-Bounded Single-Photon Avalanche Diode with High Photo Current and Low Dark Rate
Received:June 24, 2018  Revised:March 22, 2019  download
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Author NameAffiliationE-mail
JIN Xiang-Liang Xiangtan University,Hunan Normal University jinxl@xtu.edu.cn 
PENG Ya-Nan Xiangtan University pengynabc@163.com 
ZENG Duo-Duo Xiangtan University  
YANG Hong-Jiao Xiangtan University  
Abstract:A 0.18-μm CMOS process single photon avalanche diode (SPAD) was examined in this study in an effort to inhibit premature edge breakdown (PEB) and secure large photo current and low dark count rate (DCR). The SPAD consists of a p-well/deep n-well photosensitive junction and a guard ring as-formed by a deep n-well up-diffused region and an edge STI. The size of the STI layer related to the light current and dark rate was determined via test. The results indicate that the photo current and dark count of the SPAD are optimal when the overlapping length between the STI and guard ring is 1-μm at room temperature. The SPAD with 10-μm diameter has high photon detection probability (PDP), wide spectral response, dark count rate as low as 208 Hz, and 20.8% peak PDP when the wavelength is 510 nm.
keywords:single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD), premature edge breakdown (PEB), dark count rate (DCR), complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS), photon detection probability (PDP)
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Copyright:《Journal of Infrared And Millimeter Waves》