生物组织内红外热传递
Received:May 11, 2017  Revised:September 16, 2017  点此下载全文
引用本文:李晨静,许雪梅,常小荣.生物组织内红外热传递[J].Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves,2017,36(6):665~672
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Author NameAffiliationE-mail
LI Chen-Jing School of Physics and Electronics, Central South University 1971045757@qq.com 
XU Xue-Mei School of Physics and Electronics, Central South University xuxuemei999@126.com 
CHANG Xiao-Rong   
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)子项目,国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
中文摘要:结合热力学基本定律和热辐射理论,本文改进了Pennes生物热传导方程,来描述艾灸下生物组织内的热量传递过程。并采用Green函数法推导了其解析解,建立了定量解释艾灸下不同生物组织如健康组织、肿瘤组织的温度变化行为的方法。本文还提出温度衰减系数的概念来衡量组织内不同深度处的能量吸收情况。艾灸时皮肤表面温度的变化趋势与仿真结果的一致性验证实了方案的有效性。振荡的能量流对于组织来说是温和的刺激,这是生物组织实现良好功能的物理兴奋剂。结果表明,高频的能量主要被皮肤表层吸收,而低频的能量可以深入到生物组织内部。重要的是,疾病可以通过艾灸热的深透作用来治疗。
中文关键词:艾灸  热流密度  Pennes方程  温度衰减系数
 
An infrared heat transfer in biological tissue
Abstract:Combined with the fundamental theorems of thermodynamics and the heat radiation theory, Pennes bioheat equation is improved, which can describe the thermal process in tissue subject to heat stimulation of moxibustion more vividly. Applying the Green function method, we derive the analytical solution of the equation and establish a straightforward way to quantitatively interpret the temperature behavior of living tissues, such as healthy tissue, tumor tissue, non-acupoint tissue and acupoint tissue, as a result of moxibustion. The concept of temperature attenuation coefficient (TAC) is proposed to measure the energy absorption at different depth of tissue. The coherence between the simulation and experiment about surface temperature demonstrates the flexibility and availability of the solution. The oscillation energy flow has a mild stimulus to the biological tissues, which is an advantageous physical exciter for organization to achieve its good functions. Our results reveal that the heat with high frequency is mainly absorbed by the surface layer, while that of low frequency can deeply penetrate into the living biological parts. Significantly, the diseases can be treated by moxibustion heat through the role of deep penetration.
keywords:Moxibustion, heat flux, Pennes equation, temperature attenuation coefficient
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