Terahertz first-order distributed feedback quantum cascade laser with light extraction via a diffraction grating
Received:April 05, 2017  Revised:September 19, 2017  download
Citation:
Hits: 624
Download times: 536
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
ZHU Huan Key Laboratory of Infrared Material and DetectorsShanghai Institute of Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences zhuhuanchuan@126.com 
WANG Fang-Fang Shanghai Institute of technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences  
YAN Quan Shanghai Institute of technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences  
YU Chen-Ren Shanghai Institute of technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences  
CHANG Gao-Lei Shanghai Institute of technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences  
CHEN Jian-Xin Shanghai Institute of technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences  
XU Gang-Yi Shanghai Institute of technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences gangyi.xu@mail.sitp.ac.cn 
HE Li Shanghai Institute of technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences  
Abstract:We have studied two different kinds of terahertz first-order distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers (THz-DFB-QCL), both of which are based on a metal-metal waveguide. In the convenient edge-emitting laser structure, single mode emission is not obtainable due to a high reflectivity and a random phase of the reflected wave caused by the cleaved facet. To realize stable single-mode emission, we have demonstrated for the first time THz-DFB-QCLs in which THz wave is extracted via a diffraction grating. Our simulations illustrate that an optimized diffraction grating will give rise to a diffraction efficiency of about 70%, and a reflectivity less than 1%. It will also result in a laser beam pattern with a low divergence angle of 10×50°. Such a low reflectivity will keep the mode oscillation inside the DFB grating not disturbed, which is crucial to realize stable single-mode emission. Experimentally, by utilizing a diffraction grating to extract THz wave, we have realized THz-DFB-QCLs with stable single-mode emission near 2.58 THz and the side-mode-suppression-ratio is about 23dB. The measured laser beam pattern is in good agreement with the calculations. Most importantly, due to the good diffraction efficiency and beam directionality, the diffraction grating based THz-DFB-QCL significantly improves the output power compared with the edge-emitting counterpart.
keywords:terahertz  first-order distributed feedback  quantum cascade lasers  diffraction grating
View Full Text  View/Add Comment  Download reader

Copyright:《Journal of Infrared And Millimeter Waves》