Dispersion engineered ZnSe rib waveguide for mid-infrared supercontinuum generation

1.Laboratory of Infrared Materials and Devices, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China;2.Key Laboratory of Photoelectric Detection Materials and Devices of Zhejiang Province, Ningbo 315211, China;3.Laboratory of Silicate Materials Science and Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China

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Supported by National Key R&D Program of China (2020YFB1805900), State Key Laboratory of Silicate Materials for Architectures(Wuhan University of Technology SYSJJ2019-09), National Natural Science Foundation of China (61775109), 3315 Innovation Team in Ningbo, K. C. Wong Magna 251 Fund in Ningbo University.

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    Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in dispersion-engineered ZnSe rib waveguides was investigated for the first time. Numerical results showed that the zero-dispersion wavelength can be shifted to a shorter wavelength by adjusting structural parameters and refractive index contrast between the core and cladding layers in the waveguide. The optical field can be well confined in the 4- and 8-μm wide waveguides with a 2-μm thick cladding layer of Ge5As10S85 glass. The effect of waveguide parameters on the bandwidth of the supercontinuum spectrum at a 5-cm-long waveguide was also simulated to understand the effect of the pump wavelength and structure parameters on the supercontinuum generation. Our results showed that supercontinuum output could vary over a wide range depending on structural parameters of the waveguide, the pump power and wavelength. An ultrabroad supercontinuum spectrum from 3.0 up to 12.2 μm (> 2 octaves) was confirmed in a 4 μm-width waveguide with a peak pump power of 20 kW and a pump wavelength of 4.5 μm, which is promising as one of the on-chip supercontinuum light sources for many applications such as biomedical imaging, and environmental and industrial sensing in the mid-infrared.

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FANG Yi-Ming, YANG Zhen, XU Pei-Peng, YAN Kun-Lun, SHENG Yan, WANG Rong-Ping. Dispersion engineered ZnSe rib waveguide for mid-infrared supercontinuum generation[J]. Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves,2021,40(4):508~515

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  • Received:December 15,2020
  • Revised:July 31,2021
  • Adopted:March 02,2021
  • Online: July 30,2021
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