Surface soil moisture retrieval using multi-temporal Sentinel-1 SAR data in karst rocky desertification area

1.School of Geography and Environmental Science/School of Karst Science, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001,China;2.The State Key Laboratory Incubation Base for Karst Mountain Ecology Environment of Guizhou Province, Guiyang 550001,China;3.State Engineering Technology Institute for Karst Desertification Control, Guiyang 550001,China

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Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China(41661088); Science and Technology Program of Guizhou Province, China(2017-5726-57); Program for Fostering High- level Innovative Talents of Guizhou Province, China(2016- 5674)

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    Soil moisture is the core component that links the earth"s surface water cycle, energy cycle and biogeochemical cycle, and it is also the key parameter to study the ecosystem in karst rocky desertification area. The aim of this study was to retrieve the soil moisture with multi-temporal Sentinel-1 C-band SAR data and observation equations were constructed by using the Alpha approximation model over karst rocky desertification area. The spatial and temporal variation characteristics and the error influencing factors of the soil moisture retrieval results were analyzed. It is found that the overall change trend of soil moisture in the observation period is highly consistent with the trend of rainfall change. The maximum value of soil moisture and the degree of spatial heterogeneity in karst rocky desertification area is significantly higher than those in non-rocky desertification area. The results were validated using ground measurements of one acquisition date, with root mean squared error (RMSE) value of 0.059 cm3/cm3 and mean bias value of 0.026 cm3/cm3. The method of retrieval of soil moisture by Alpha approximate model is applicable to karst rocky desertification area, the mixed pixel problem caused by the surrounding complex habitat conditions of the surface soil is the main influencing factor of inversion error. These results can provide reference to obtaining soil moisture under mountain complex environment by multi-temporal observation method, and provide support for ecosystem restoration and ecological industry development in karst rocky desertification area.

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CHEN Quan, ZHOU Zhong-Fa, WANG Ling-Yu, DAN Yu-Sheng, TANG Yun-Tao. Surface soil moisture retrieval using multi-temporal Sentinel-1 SAR data in karst rocky desertification area[J]. Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves,2020,39(5):628~636

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  • Received:October 15,2019
  • Revised:August 19,2020
  • Adopted:May 09,2020
  • Online: August 18,2020
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