基于0.22 THz高功率回旋管的步进频率雷达系统设计与仿真
投稿时间:2020-02-01  修订日期:2020-11-17  点此下载全文
引用本文:张成鑫,鄢扬,傅文杰.基于0.22 THz高功率回旋管的步进频率雷达系统设计与仿真[J].红外与毫米波学报,2020,39(6):728~734].ZHANG Cheng-Xin,YAN Yang,FU Wen-Jie.Design and simulation of 0.22 THz stepped frequency radar system based on high power gyrotron[J].J.Infrared Millim.Waves,2020,39(6):728~734.]
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作者单位E-mail
张成鑫 电子科技大学 电子科学与工程学院(示范性微电子学院)四川 成都 610054
中国工程物理研究院应用电子学研究所四川 绵阳 621900 
zhangchengxin12@163.com 
鄢扬 电子科技大学 电子科学与工程学院(示范性微电子学院)四川 成都 610054 yanyang@uestc.edu.cn 
傅文杰 电子科技大学 电子科学与工程学院(示范性微电子学院)四川 成都 610054  
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(61971097),四川省科技项目(2018HH0136)。
中文摘要:基于0.22 THz高功率回旋管振荡器设计了频率步进成像雷达,采用收发分开的双卡塞格伦天线,发射信号形式为频率步进脉冲信号,回旋管频率调节通过调整回旋管电子束电压或者超导磁场强度来实现。给出了成像雷达设计方案,对雷达最大作用距离和步进频率雷达系统高分辨一维距离像进行了分析,开展了ISAR成像仿真。理论计算和仿真结果表明,该雷达对于散射面积为0.01 m2的目标探测距离可达到1.982 km,可分辨500 m处间距2 cm的点目标。该雷达可对低高度小目标进行高精度探测,比如对可携带武器和危险物质的无人机进行高精度探测与目标识别。
中文关键词:太赫兹  步进频率雷达  逆合成孔径雷达(Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar,ISAR)  高分辨率  回旋管
 
Design and simulation of 0.22 THz stepped frequency radar system based on high power gyrotron
Abstract:A stepped frequency imaging radar which based on 0.22 THz high-power gyrotron oscillator was designed. The dual Cassegrain antenna with separate transceiver was used for transmitting stepped frequency pulse signal. Frequency adjustment of gyrotron oscillator was achieved by adjusting gyrotron electron beam voltage or superconducting magnet strength. The design schemes for imaging radar were given, the radar detected range and high-resolution range profile of the stepped frequency radar system were analyzed, and inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) imaging simulation was carried out. The results of theoretical calculation and simulation show that the radar could detect the target with scattering area of 0.01 m2 by 1.982 km and distinguish the targets with a distance of 2 cm at 500 m. The radar can be used for investigations on target recognition of small objects such as UAV which can take concealed weapons and threat material.
keywords:terahertz  stepped frequency radar  inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR)  high resolution  gyrotron oscillator
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