高灵敏度II类超晶格长波红外探测系统研究
投稿时间:2018-04-08  修订日期:2019-02-16  点此下载全文
引用本文:饶鹏,张磊,赵云峰,陆福星,许佳佳,王芳芳.高灵敏度II类超晶格长波红外探测系统研究[J].红外与毫米波学报,2019,38(3):338~344].RAO Peng,ZHANG Lei,ZHAO Yun-Feng,LU Fu-Xing,XU Jia-Jia,WANG Fang-Fang.Research on high sensitivity type-II superlattice long wavelength infrared detection system[J].J.Infrared Millim.Waves,2019,38(3):338~344.]
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作者单位E-mail
饶鹏 中国科学院红外探测与成像技术重点实验室 peng_rao@mail.sitp.ac.cn 
张磊 北京跟踪与通信技术研究所  
赵云峰 中国科学院智能红外感知重点实验室
中国科学院大学 
zhaoyf_08@163.com 
陆福星 中国科学院智能红外感知重点实验室中国科学院大学  
许佳佳 中国科学院红外成像材料与器件重点实验室  
王芳芳 中国科学院红外成像材料与器件重点实验室  
基金项目:预研项目(30502030101)
中文摘要:以II类超晶格320×256长波红外探测器为核心部件,开发了一套高灵敏度长波红外探测系统。介绍了II类超晶格红外探测器的技术指标及系统的主要结构和工作方式。为充分发挥该红外探测器的灵敏度,设计了高灵敏度信息获取系统,并介绍了该信息获取系统的软硬件设计。该信息获取系统采用了自适应信号调理技术,以降低信息获取噪声,提升探测系统的灵敏度和动态范围。最后对整套长波红外探测系统开展了信息获取噪声测试、系统性能测试及外场成像实验。实验结果表明:长波红外探测系统的信息获取噪声低至0.065mV,系统的噪声等效温差(NETD)达到19.6mK,黑体探测率为7.72×1010cm√Hz/W ,外场成像质量良好,图像细节清晰,对比度高。该长波红外探测系统有利于推动II类超晶格红外探测器在高灵敏度长波红外遥感探测中的应用。
中文关键词:高灵敏度  II类超晶格  长波红外
 
Research on high sensitivity type-II superlattice long wavelength infrared detection system
Abstract:A high-sensitivity long wavelength infrared detection system was developed based on the type-II superlattice 320 × 256 long wavelength infrared detector. The technical specifications of the type-II superlattice infrared detector and the main structure and working mode of the infrared system are introduced. In order to give full play to the sensitivity of the infrared detector, a high-sensitivity information acquisition system was developed. The software and hardware design of the information acquisition system is introduced. The information acquisition system adopted an adaptive signal conditioning technology to reduce information acquisition noise and improve sensitivity and dynamic range of the infrared system. Finally, the information acquisition noise test, system performance test and outfield imaging experiment are carried out for the whole long wavelength infrared detection system. The experimental results show that the information acquisition noise of the long wave infrared detection system is 0.065mV, the NETD is19.6mK, and the blackbody detectivity is 7.72×1010cm√Hz/W. The quality of outfield imaging is good, the details of the images are clear and the contrast is high. The long wavelength infrared detection system is conducive to the application of type-II superlattice infrared detectors in high sensitivity long wavelength infrared remote sensing.
keywords:high-sensitivity  type-II superlattice  long wavelength infrared
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