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光学微小卫星参数统计分析
投稿时间:2017-05-03  最后修改时间:2017-05-18  点此下载全文
引用本文:何嘉,王成良,张松芝,李文杰.光学微小卫星参数统计分析[J].红外,2017,38(9):1~7
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作者单位E-mail
何嘉 空军预警学院 309855234@qq.com 
王成良 空军预警学院  
张松芝 空军预警学院  
李文杰 空军预警学院  
中文摘要:简述了国内外光学微小卫星的发展现状,对近二十年来国内外光学微小卫星的轨道、尺寸、质量等主要参数进行了统计和分析。由此发现,现代光学微小卫星普遍采用太阳同步轨道,其质量、尺寸以及功耗呈逐年下降的趋势。数据表明,光学微纳卫星已经进入了高速发展阶段,即将成为光学微小卫星的中坚力量。但综合考虑成本、功耗和关键效能等因素,光学微小卫星的尺寸和质量并不是越小越好,最终将稳定在一个合适的尺寸。现代光学微小卫星的谱段设置灵活且针对性强,拥有较强的综合探测能力,一星多用、一星多能将会成为未来光学微小卫星的普遍特点。另外,相比于CCD,CMOS具有成本优势,且新型CMOS的研制取得了重大进展,预计CMOS器件将会被更多地应用到光学微小卫星之中。
中文关键词:微小卫星  光学  有效载荷  卫星参数
 
Statistical Analysis of Parameters of Optical Micro-satellites
Abstract:The current status of the optical micro-satellites at home and abroad is presented in brief. The main parameters of the optical micro-satellites at home and abroad over the past two decades are summarized and analyzed. It is found that the modern optical micro-satellites are commonly in sun-synchronous orbits. Their mass, size and power consumption decrease year by year. The data show that the optical micro-nano satellites have entered a rapid development stage and will occupy the dominant position in optical micro-satellites soon. However, in view of the factors such as cost, power consumption and key performance, the optical micro-satellites will eventually have a proper size other than the smaller the better. Modern optical micro-satellites are flexible in spectral band setting. Strong comprehensive detection capability, multi-use and multi-capability will become the common features for future optical micro-satellites. In addition, compared with CCD, CMOS is superior in cost. The development of new CMOS has achieved significant progress. It is expected that CMOS devices will be more used in optical micro-satellites.
keywords:micro-satellites  optical  payloads  satellite parameter
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