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仿蜻蜓扑翼微飞行器研究现状
投稿时间:2021-06-01  修订日期:2021-08-10  点此下载全文
引用本文:杜瑞娟,鹿嵩昊,公爽.仿蜻蜓扑翼微飞行器研究现状[J].红外,2021,42(8):38~46
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作者单位E-mail
杜瑞娟 中国电子科技集团公司第十一研究所 duruijuan123@126.com 
鹿嵩昊 中国电子科技集团公司第十一研究所  
公爽 中国电子科技集团公司第十一研究所  
中文摘要:蜻蜓被认为是飞行行为简单且机动高效的昆虫之一,因此成为众多微型飞行器(Micro Air Vehicle, MAV)的仿生设计原型。蜻蜓优异的飞行特性与其翅特性密不可分。它不仅可承受飞行过程中的多种载荷,而且能保持高效飞行特性。总结了蜻蜓翅结构特性、飞行特性和仿蜻蜓扑翼MAV的研究现状及最新研究进展,并分别对蜻蜓翅的翅脉、翅膜、翅结、翅痣、褶皱结构,体液流动,材料特性,飞行机理以及红外探测应用进行了概述。同时针对仿生扑翼MAV的微型化需求,对未来研究方向进行了分析。
中文关键词:蜻蜓翅  微型飞行器  扑翼  仿生
 
Research Status of Dragonfly Flapping-Wing Micro Air Vehicle
Abstract:Dragonflies are considered to be one of the insects with simple flying behavior and efficient mobility, so they have become the bionic design prototypes of many micro air vehicles (MAV). The excellent flight characteristics of dragonflies are inseparable from their wing characteristics. It can not only withstand a variety of loads during flight, but also maintain high-efficiency flight characteristics. The research status and latest research progress of dragonfly wing structure characteristics, flight characteristics and dragonfly flapping-wing MAV are summarized. The wing vein, wing membrane, wing knot, pterostigma, fold structure, body fluid flow, material characteristics, flight mechanism and infrared detection application of dragonfly wings are summarized. In addition, according to the miniaturization requirements of the bionic flapping-wing MAV, the future research directions are analyzed.
keywords:dragonfly wing  micro air vehicle  flapping-wing  bionics
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