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红外点目标探测系统的作用距离理论模型分析
投稿时间:2019-07-06  修订日期:2019-07-12  点此下载全文
引用本文:郭晓东,左志高,岳松,洪普.红外点目标探测系统的作用距离理论模型分析[J].红外,2019,40(7):18~25
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作者单位E-mail
郭晓东 华中光电技术研究所 gxd770724@126.com 
左志高 华中光电技术研究所 zgzuo0118@foxmail.com 
岳松 华中光电技术研究所  
洪普 华中光电技术研究所  
中文摘要:系统性地分析了红外点目标探测系统的作用距离理论模型。通过建立大气分层模型,结合MODTRAN模型计算了中波红外光和长波红外光在典型大气条件下的透过率。两者计算结果的对比数据可为红外探测系统设计中的波段选择提供参考依据。通过对目标红外辐射强度的理论模型进行分析,计算了几种典型目标在不同波段的红外辐射强度,为系统作用距离的指标论证提供了支撑。从红外图像噪声的概率密度分布函数出发,推导出了图像信噪比与系统检测概率及虚警概率的理论公式,为检测门限设置提供了参考依据。红外点目标探测系统的作用距离理论模型分析结果对于提升红外探测系统作用距离指标论证的可信度和系统参数设计的合理性具有非常重要的理论支撑作用。
中文关键词:红外  点目标探测  探测距离  理论模型
 
Theoretical Model Analysis of Operation Range of Infrared Point Target Detection System
Abstract:The theoretical model of infrared point target detection system is systematically analyzed. The transmittance of medium-wave and long-wave infrared light under typical atmospheric conditions is calculated by establishing the atmospheric stratification model and combining the MODTRAN model. The comparison data of the two calculation results can provide reference for the band selection in the design of infrared detection system. By analyzing the theoretical model of infrared radiation intensity of targets, the infrared radiation intensity of several typical targets in different wavebands is calculated, which provides support for the demonstration of operation range for IR system. Based on the probability density distribution function of infrared image noise, the theoretical formulas of image signal-to-noise ratio, system detection probability and false alarm probability are derived, which provide reference for setting detection threshold. The theoretical model analysis results of infrared point target detection system''s operation range can offer an important theoretical support for improving the credibility of infrared detection system''s operation range demonstration and the rationality of system parameter design.
keywords:infrared  point target detection  detection range  theoretical model
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